Anemones are herbaceous plants from the family Ranunculaceae. The plant is mainly found in northern regions. The leaves are lobed and the flowers are large with distinct sepals. In total, there are around 120 different species of anemone. Anemones are also known as windflowers because they move with the slightest breeze. They are lovely little flowers and look especially beautiful when seen in large quantities.
Origin of the name anemone
The scientific name Anemone takes us back to ancient times. According to a Greek legend, Floras Zephyr (the god of the wind) fell in love with Anemona. The jealous goddess Flora then turned Anemona into a flower. There are also sources that believe the name can be traced back to the ancient Greek and Latin corruption of the Semitic name Adonis. It was from his blood that the species adorned with red flowers arose in the Middle East.
Planting anemone bulbs
When planting anemone bulbs it is best to do so in well-drained soil. A spot where there are still puddles after 5 or 6 hours of rain is certainly not a good place. Organic material can be used to improve the soil, such as peat moss, compost or composted manure. A slightly acid soil enriched with compost is ideal for anemones. Plant the anemone bulbs in a spot where they have the chance to receive as much sun as possible. Anemones like to be protected by a cover of low perennials, as this guarantees winter hardiness.
The flowering of anemones
Different types of anemone follow each other in flowering. For example, the blanda anemones flower in March and April and the coronaria flowers in May and June. The bulbs of anemones are small and hard and have to be cultivated in advance.
How to care for anemones
If you are going to plant anemone bulbs, immerse the bulbs in tepid water for a few hours before planting. This will breathe new life into them. Then make holes in the ground where you want to plant them. It does not matter how you plant them, as they have the natural ability to find their way up. Water the bulbs well after planting, thoroughly soaking the soil. The roots are formed in the autumn, after which the foliage soon follows. The flowers appear in spring.
Anemones as cut flowers
When the anemones are in flower you can cut them off if you wish and use them in a bouquet. Cutting a flower will not harm the plant. Water the anemones well during the first growing season so that they have a chance to establish a deep and extensive root system. When the flowering period is over, leave the foliage in place and do not cut it off. The remaining leaves will catch the sunlight needed for feeding the following year. If necessary, water them. The leaves of the anemone turn yellow and die off in late summer. The anemone sinks into dormancy and then the remaining foliage can be removed.
Types of Anemones
Anemones belong to a large genus and consist of both spring and autumn flowering plants. The spring bloomers remain low and are usually white. Autumn anemones produce colour from mid-August, in shades of white, pink and purple. They are therefore real plants that can be an added value to any border (given the late flowering period). They look best in a group or as a large clump. Anemone leveille is a beautiful spring bloomer. This hardy species comes from China and has white scales with a back of lilac and intense blue stamens. The Anemone trifolia grows like the wood anemone, with rhizomes. The flowers are pure white and the three-part leaf is quite large.
The blue anemone
Three types of anemones occur in the wild: the yellow anemone, the wood anemone and the blue anemone. The blue anemone is a low and perennial plant from the ranunculus family and is native to Southern Europe. In Europe, we find it mainly on the shaded ground in deciduous forests and in the wild in gardens. It looks very much like the Oriental anemone but is different because the Oriental variant does not have hairy petals, the flower stalk bends after flowering and the root leaves do not have stalked slips. The blue anemone grows 10 to 20 centimetres high and produces large blue and sometimes white or even pink flowers in March and April.
The wood anemone and the yellow anemone
The wood anemone is a low and perennial plant with three leaves and white flowers. It can grow 10 to 25 centimetres high. The flower petals are hairy, there are 6 of them in total, and they can be a little purple-red. The flowers are solitary and bloom from March to May. The yellow anemone is also a low and perennial plant, but this species is threatened with extinction. It grows 15 to 25 centimetres high and has creeping rhizomes. The flowers are large and, of course, yellow and there are usually 5 flower petals that are hairy on the outside.
The popularity of anemones
Anemones are very popular because they have such a massive display of colour when they bloom. They also naturalise easily, which means that more plants are added each year. Use anemones to create a beautiful carpet under trees and shrubs in early spring. It gives any garden a beautiful appearance. Are you fully aware of the anemone flower and do you want to plant anemone bulbs yourself? Then take a look at our online garden centre and buy them very easily.
Frequently asked questions about Spring Flowering ANEMONES
How to Plant Anemone Bulbs?
- Soak anemone bulbs for at least 4 hours prior to planting to encourage quicker and more vigorous growth.
- Choose a planting location that has well-drained soil and receives full to at least a half day's sun.
- Plant the bulbs approximately 2-3 centimetres deep.
- Water the area with once all the bulbs have been planted.